Due to different definitions used in disaster-related literature, for the purpose of this Toolkit the main terms used are defined below. The full Glossary can also be downloaded in a .pdf format (see User Guide Section).
The set of capacities needed to generate and disseminate timely and meaningful warning information to enable individuals, communities and organizations threatened by a hazard to prepare and to act appropriately and in sufficient time to reduce the possibility of harm or loss. 
An educational system commonly comprises several phases: primary education, secondary education, further education and higher education. It also encompasses the availability of public and private schooling, entry level requirements, minimum years of compulsory schooling, possibilities of home schooling etc.
In countries where it is legal for parents not to send their children to school but can educate them at home, these children may miss out on extra-curricular activities and training offered by schools that focus on disaster response.
In some educational systems, the organisation of and participation in emergency first response courses during primary and/or secondary education is compulsory and free of charge.
Emergency medical services, also known as ambulance services or paramedic services are a type of emergency service dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care, transport to definitive care, and other medical transport to patients with illnesses and injuries which prevent the patient from transporting themselves. 
Entrepreneurs are economic actors active at the local level that could be involved in local disaster management networks. They can provide economic and human support accordingly to the nature of activity, size and level of involvement. Ownership and area of operation can be local, national or international.
Ethnicity denotes groups that share a common identity-based ancestry, and it is often based on race, religion, beliefs, and customs as well as memories of migration or colonisation.
For example, some ethnic minority groups have been found to be less prepared for disasters, e.g. having insufficient medication supplies or no emergency evacuation plan. However, such hazard vulnerability has been found to be more linked to minority-related socio-economic inequalities (e.g. education) rather than to ethnicity itself.
The European Civil Protection Mechanism was established in 2001 to foster cooperation among national civil protection authorities across Europe. It enables a more rapid and effective response to emergencies by coordinating the delivery of civil protection teams and assets to the affected country and population.