Due to different definitions used in disaster-related literature, for the purpose of this Toolkit the main terms used are defined below. The full Glossary can also be downloaded in a .pdf format (see User Guide Section).
The way an individual, or a group of individuals, thinks about the world; this can encompass, e.g., a specific philosophical, ethical or religious outlook, and it builds the framework of ideas and beliefs through which the respective individual or group watches the world and interacts with it.
Fatalism (i.e. the belief that an event is predetermined and therefore inevitable): A fatalistic attitude may prevent people from preparing themselves in case of a disaster risk.
Belief in experts: A belief that expert knowledge is infallible may prevent people from preparing themselves unless there is a scientifically based warning (e.g. of seismic risk).